Método para trombone de pisto: como baixar e praticar em casa
Método para Trombone de Pisto Download: How to Learn and Play this Brazilian Instrument
If you are interested in learning how to play a brass instrument that is versatile, expressive, and fun, you might want to consider the trombone de pisto. This is a type of valve trombone that is popular in Brazil, especially in bandas and igrejas (bands and churches). In this article, we will explain what trombone de pisto is, how it differs from other trombones, what are its benefits, how to choose one, and where to find and download a método (method book) for it.
What is Trombone de Pisto?
Trombone de pisto is a brass instrument that belongs to the same family as the trumpet, the horn, the tuba, and the euphonium. It has a cylindrical bore that flares to a bell at the end, and a mouthpiece that is larger than a trumpet's but smaller than a tuba's. It produces sound by vibrating the lips against the mouthpiece and pressing valves to change the length of the tubing.
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The name trombone de pisto means "piston trombone" in Portuguese, and it refers to the fact that this instrument has three or four pistons (or valves) instead of a slide, which is the mechanism used by most trombones. The valves allow the player to change notes quickly and easily, without having to move a long slide back and forth. This makes trombone de pisto more suitable for fast and rhythmic music styles, such as samba, choro, frevo, and forró.
History of Trombone de Pisto
The trombone de pisto is a relatively modern invention, compared to other types of trombones. The first trombones were developed in the 15th century from the trumpet and were known as sackbuts. They had a slide that could extend or retract the tubing, allowing the player to play different notes. The slide trombone became popular in Europe, especially in classical music and sacred music.
In the early 19th century, the valve system was invented for brass instruments, which gave them more flexibility and range. Some trombones were made with valves instead of slides, creating the valve trombone. The valve trombone was adopted by some composers, such as Giuseppe Verdi and Antonin Dvorak, but it never replaced the slide trombone in classical music.
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However, in Brazil, the valve trombone became very popular, especially in bandas (military bands) and igrejas (Protestant churches). The valve trombone was easier to play and more affordable than the slide trombone, and it suited the musical styles that were popular in Brazil at the time. The valve trombone also became known as trombone de pisto or simply pisto.
Benefits of Trombone de Pisto
Playing trombone de pisto has many benefits for musicians of all levels and backgrounds. Here are some of them:
Trombone de pisto is easy to learn. If you already play another brass instrument with valves, such as trumpet or euphonium, you can easily switch to trombone de pisto. The fingering is similar, and you only need to adjust your embouchure (the way you shape your mouth) slightly. Even if you are new to brass instruments, you can learn how to play trombone de pisto with some practice and guidance.
Trombone de pisto is versatile. You can play many different genres and styles of music with trombone de pisto, from classical to jazz to pop. You can also play solo or in ensembles, such as bandas, orchestras, quartets, or trios. Trombone de pisto has a wide range of notes, from low to high, and can produce different tones and effects depending on how you blow, articulate, and mute the instrument.
Trombone de pisto is fun. Playing trombone de pisto can be a great way to express yourself, enjoy music, and have fun. You can improvise, create your own melodies, and play along with your favorite songs. You can also join a community of trombone de pisto players and share your passion and experiences with them.
Tips for Choosing and Practicing Trombone de Pisto
If you are interested in playing trombone de pisto, you will need to choose a good instrument and practice regularly. Here are some tips to help you:
Choose a trombone de pisto that suits your level, budget, and preference. There are different models of trombone de pisto, with different sizes, shapes, materials, and features. Some have three valves, while others have four. Some have a straight bell, while others have a curved one. Some are made of brass, while others are made of nickel or silver. You should try different trombone de pistos and see which one feels comfortable and sounds good to you. You can also ask for advice from a teacher, a friend, or a store clerk.
Take care of your trombone de pisto. Your trombone de pisto is a delicate instrument that needs proper maintenance and cleaning. You should oil the valves regularly, clean the mouthpiece and the tubing with a brush and warm water, and polish the exterior with a cloth. You should also store your trombone de pisto in a case when not in use, and avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures or humidity.
Practice with a método (method book). A método is a book that contains exercises, scales, arpeggios, etudes, and songs for learning how to play trombone de pisto. A método can help you improve your technique, tone, intonation, rhythm, and musicality. There are many métodos available for trombone de pisto, such as the ones by João Dias Carrasqueira, Abel Ferreira, or Júlio César Figueiredo. You can find and download these métodos online or buy them in music stores.
Practice with a metronome and a tuner. A metronome is a device that produces a steady beat that helps you keep time and tempo. A tuner is a device that shows you the pitch of the note you are playing and helps you tune your instrument. Practicing with these devices can help you develop your sense of rhythm and pitch, which are essential for playing trombone de pisto well.
Practice with recordings and backing tracks. Another way to practice trombone de pisto is to play along with recordings or backing tracks of songs or pieces that you like or want to learn. This can help you improve your listening skills, your musical expression, and your confidence. You can also learn from the style and technique of other trombone de pisto players by listening to their recordings. Some famous trombone de pisto players are Raul de Souza, Zeca Assumpção, Bocato, and Itacyr Bocato Jr..
Where to Find and Download Método para Trombone de Pisto
If you are looking for a método (method book) for trombone de pisto, you have several options to find and download one online. Here are some of them:
[Free-scores.com]A website that offers free sheet music for various instruments and genres. You can search for trombone de pisto or valve trombone methods and download them in PDF format.
[IMSLP]A website that hosts public domain sheet music for classical music. You can search for valve trombone methods by composers such as Arban, Kopprasch, or Blazhevich and download them in PDF format.
[Scribd]A website that allows users to upload and share documents of various types. You can search for trombo