Buy Blood Pressure Medication [UPDATED]
Some 86 million Americans suffer from hypertension (high blood pressure), in the long run, may lead to heart attacks or chronic kidney disease. At Medzino we offer a wide range of blood pressure medications.
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High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common chronic disease affecting approximately 86 million adults in the US. Medically, high blood pressure is defined when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or higher. There are many different types of antihypertensive medications that can be taken to reduce your blood pressure.
The first number in your blood pressure reading is the systolic pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. The second number in the reading is the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure in your arteries when the heart muscle rests before the next heartbeat takes place. This is why the pressure is lower. Generally, a blood pressure reading that is 140/90 mmHg of higher is considered high. But there are different ways to classify your blood pressure.
When hypertension is caused by other diseases, it is known as secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is much less common than primary hypertension. Secondary hypertension accounts for just 2-10% of high blood pressure cases in adults.
Many people have no obvious symptoms of high blood pressure. If an individual does not get their blood pressure checked regularly, symptoms may not occur until high blood pressure has caused damage to an organ.
High blood pressure is not diagnosed with a one-off blood pressure reading. Your blood pressure can fluctuate naturally, so it must be measured regularly to make an accurate diagnosis. Your doctor may provide you with a home blood pressure monitor for you to use to record your blood pressure yourself.
A doctor may also conduct a physical exam and additional blood tests and an ECG to check for an underlying cause of your high blood pressure, which may alter how they approach your treatment. Specifically, they may test for:
High blood pressure also puts you at risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, if you have high blood pressure, it is important to be aware of any other factors that may increase your risk of cardiovascular disease. These factors include:
If you have certain pre-existing conditions, your doctor may prescribe you different medications than would be normally used. The conditions and their corresponding high blood pressure medications are outlined below:
High blood pressure is related to strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure, which are the leading causes of death in the U.S. Therefore, high blood pressure can have a significant effect upon your mortality.
Whelton PK, Appel LJ, Sacco RL, et al. Sodium, blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease: further evidence supporting the American Heart Association sodium reduction recommendations. Circulation. 2012 Dec 11. 126 (24):2880-9.
Propranolol (generic Inderal) is a prescription-only beta-blocker that will lower your blood pressure to healthier levels. It can also be used to treat other conditions, such as irregular heart rhythm.
Many blood pressure medications, known as antihypertensives, are available by prescription to lower high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension). There are a variety of classes of high blood pressure medications and they include a number of different drugs.
Angiotensin is a chemical that causes the arteries to become narrow, especially in the kidneys but also throughout the body. ACE stands for Angiotensin-converting enzyme. ACE inhibitors help the body produce less angiotensin, which helps the blood vessels relax and open up, which, in turn, lowers blood pressure.
These drugs block the effects of angiotensin, a chemical that causes the arteries to become narrow. Angiotensin needs a receptor- like a chemical "slot" to fit into or bind with- in order to constrict the blood vessel. ARBs block the receptors so the angiotensin fails to constrict the blood vessel. This means blood vessels stay open and blood pressure is reduced.
This drug prevents calcium from entering the smooth muscle cells of the heart and arteries. When calcium enters these cells, it causes a stronger and harder contraction, so by decreasing the calcium, the hearts' contraction is not as forceful. Calcium channel blockers relax and open up narrowed blood vessels, reduce heart rate and lower blood pressure.
These drugs reduce blood pressure by decreasing the activity of the sympathetic (adrenaline-producing) portion of the involuntary nervous system. Methyldopa is considered a first line antihypertensive during pregnancy because adverse effects are infrequent for the pregnant woman or the developing fetus.
Combined alpha and beta-blockers are used as an IV drip for those patients experiencing a hypertensive crisis. They may be prescribed for outpatient high blood pressure use if the patient is at risk for heart failure.
Central agonists also help decrease the blood vessels' ability to tense up or contract. The central agonists follow a different nerve pathway than the alpha and beta-blockers, but accomplish the same goal of blood pressure reduction.
These medications reduce blood pressure by blocking neurotransmitters in the brain. This blocks the smooth muscles from getting the "message" to constrict. These drugs are rarely used unless other medications don't help.
Blood vessel dilators, or vasodilators, can cause the muscle in the walls of the blood vessels (especially the arterioles) to relax, allowing the vessel to dilate (widen). This allows blood to flow through better.
Water pills (diuretics). A diuretic removes excess water and sodium from the body, so there's less fluid flowing through the veins and arteries. This reduces pressure on the walls of the blood vessels.
Types of diuretics include thiazide, loop and potassium-sparing. If diuretics aren't enough to lower blood pressure, a health care provider might recommend adding other blood pressure medications to your treatment.
For example, if you have chest pain (angina) related to coronary artery disease, your health care provider may recommend a beta blocker to lower your blood pressure, prevent chest pain, reduce your heart rate and decrease your risk of death.
Monitoring your blood pressure at home can help you and your health care provider know if your treatment is working. Home blood pressure monitors are widely available and inexpensive, and you don't need a prescription to buy one. Remember that home blood pressure monitoring isn't a substitute for visits to your health care provider.
Talk with your health care team about the best type of treatment for you. You may need to take more than one type of medicine to control your blood pressure. You can also talk to your health care team about how long it should take your blood pressure medicine to work.
It is important to take your blood pressure medicine exactly as your doctor tells you to. Do not stop taking your current medicine without talking to your doctor or pharmacist first. Stopping your blood pressure medicine without first talking to your health care team could lead to serious health consequences.
The benefits of blood pressure medicines are clear: Blood pressure medicines can help you keep your blood pressure at healthy levels and therefore greatly reduce your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
In general, the risks of taking blood pressure medicines are low. However, all medicines have risks. Talk with your doctor or health care professional about the risks of high blood pressure medicines.
Some over-the-counter medicines, such as nasal decongestants, can also raise blood pressure and interact with blood pressure medicines.3 Tell your doctor about any medicines or supplements you are already taking.
Your health care team will tell you if you need medicine for high blood pressure, based on your blood pressure readings over a period of time. If you use a home blood pressure monitor, record or write down your readings.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls as your heart pumps out blood. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is an increase in the amount of force that blood places on blood vessels as it moves through the body.
Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute, removing wastes and extra water to make urine. The urine flows from each kidney to the bladder through a pair of thin tubes called ureters, one on each side of your bladder. Your bladder stores urine. Your kidneys, ureters, and bladder are part of your urinary tract system.
Blood pressure test results are written with the two numbers separated by a slash. The top number is called the systolic pressure and represents the pressure as the heart beats and pushes blood through the blood vessels. The bottom number is called the diastolic pressure and represents the pressure as blood vessels relax between heartbeats.
No matter what the cause of your kidney disease, high blood pressure can make your kidneys worse. If you have kidney disease, you should talk with your health care professional about your individual blood pressure goals and how often you should have your blood pressure checked.
Medicines that lower blood pressure can also significantly slow the progression of kidney disease. Two types of blood pressure-lowering medications, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), may be effective in slowing the progression of kidney disease.
If you are overweight or have obesity, aim to reduce your weight by 7 to 10 percent during the first year of treatment for high blood pressure. This amount of weight loss can lower your chance of developing health problems related to high blood pressure.
Following a healthy eating plan can help lower your blood pressure. Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet is an important part of any healthy eating plan. Your health care professional may recommend the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan. DASH focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are healthy for your heart and lower in sodium, which often comes from salt. The DASH eating plan 041b061a72